Schickhard(t), Wilhelm

[br]
b. 22 April 1592 Herrenberg, Stuttgart, Germany
d. 24 October 1635 Tübingen, Germany
[br]
German polymath who described, and apparently built, a calculating "clock", possibly the first mechanical adding-machine.
[br]
At an early age Schickhard won a scholarship to the monastery school at Tübingen and then progressed to the university, where he obtained his BA and MA in theology in 1609 and 1611, respectively. He then specialized in oriental languages and eventually became Professor of Hebrew, Oriental Languages, Mathematics, Astronomy and Geography at Tübingen. Between 1613 and 1619 he was also deacon or pastor to a number of churches in the area. In 1617 he met Johannes Kepler, who, impressed by his ability, asked him to draw up tables of figures for his Harmonica Mundi (1619). As a result of this, Schickhard designed and constructed a mechanical adding-machine that he called a calculating clock. This he described in a letter of 20 September 1623 to Kepler, but a subsequent letter of 25 February 1624 reported its destruction by fire. After his death, probably from bubonic plague, his papers and the letter to Kepler were discovered in the regional library in Stuttgart in 1930 by Franz Hamme, who described them to the 1957 Mathematical Congress. As a result, a Dr Baron von Freytag Lovinghoff, who was present at that meeting, built a reconstruction of Schickard's machine in 1960.
[br]
Further Reading
F.Hamme, 1958, "Nicht Pascal sondern der Tübingen Prof. Wilhelm Schickhard erfund die Rechenmaschin", Buromarkt 20:1,023 (describes the papers and letter to Kepler).
B.von F.Lovinghoff, 1964, "Die erste Rechenmaschin: Tübingen 1623", Humanismus und
Technik 9:45.
——1973, "Wilhelm Schickhard und seine Rechenmaschin von 1625", in M.Graef (ed.), 350 Jahre Rechenmaschin.
M.R.Williams, 1985, History of Computing Technology, London: Prentice-Hall.
See also: Pascal, Blaise
KF

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wilhelm Schickardt — Wilhelm Schickard Wilhelm Schickard (* 22. April 1592 in Herrenberg; † 23. Oktober 1635 in Tübingen) war ein deutscher Astronom und Mathematiker. Er lehrte Hebräisch und Astronomie an der U …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Schickhardt — Wilhelm Schickard Wilhelm Schickard (* 22. April 1592 in Herrenberg; † 23. Oktober 1635 in Tübingen) war ein deutscher Astronom und Mathematiker. Er lehrte Hebräisch und Astronomie an der U …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Schickard — (* 22. April 1592 in Herrenberg; † 23. Oktober 1635 in Tübingen) war ein deutscher Astronom und Mathematiker. Er lehrte Hebräisch und Astronomie an der Universität Tübingen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SCHICKARD, WILHELM° — (Schickhard, Schickart, Guillielmus Schick(h)ardus; 1592–1635), german hebraist , Orientalist, mathematician, and astronomer. Born in Herrenberg, Wuerttemberg, Schickard initially studied theology and became a Lutheran pastor; but he then began… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Schickhardt, Wilhelm — See: Schickhard, Wilhelm …   Biographical history of technology

  • Julius Schickard — (* 1679 in Unteröwisheim; † 10. Juli 1735; auch Schickhardt, Schickhard, Schickart, Schickardt) war württembergischer Stabspfleger und Gründer des Ortes Neulußheim. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Familie 3 Quellen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seeburg (Bad Urach) — Seeburg Stadt Bad Urach Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Electronics and information technology — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Alexanderson, Ernst Frederik Werner Armstrong, Edwin Howard Babbage, Charles Baird, John Logie Bardeen, John Baudot, Jean Maurice Emile Berezin, Evelyn …   Biographical history of technology

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.